The psychological psychotherapist has, as the name suggests, studied psychology. This is in contrast to the psychiatrist and the non-medical practitioner, who as a rule have either completed another course of study or further training without studying.
The path of the psychotherapist
The different procedures of psychotherapy
When we speak of a therapist in everyday life, we are generally referring to psychological psychotherapists who, after completing a 10-semester course of study in psychology, have completed at least three years of training to obtain their license to practice. This entitles them to work therapeutically and to treat patients. But even within “classical” psychotherapy there are differences in methodology that you need to know in order to make the right decision! To give you some orientation, we present all four different forms of therapy here.
The behavioral therapist
Behavior therapy is based on learning theory and assumes that, as the name suggests, “problematic” behavior has been learned.
Environmental stimuli trigger a specific response, which has been learned and occurs recurrently to the same or similar stimuli.
Tim visited the bird park very often as a child. One day, when he got too close to an ostrich, it snapped at Tim. Since then, he has never visited a bird park again because he is incredibly afraid of birds.
In this example, the environmental stimulus was the snapping ostrich, which caused a reaction, namely the avoidance of bird parks. Since a bird park is not a dangerous place and Tim might want to visit such a park again in the future, the avoidance behavior is a “problematic” behavior that needs to be corrected. Behavioral therapy now relies on Tim learning that bird parks are not so dangerous after all and that he does not normally have to be afraid of an ostrich. The first step could be to talk about bouquets, then watch videos and finally visit a bird park. Positive feelings of success help Tim to forget this traumatic situation. This procedure is called Systematic Desensitization.
Areas of application include:
- Anxiety disorders
- Affective disorders such as depression
- Stress disorders
- Eating disorders
- Personality Disorders
The depth psychologist
Julia has had a problem meeting new people for quite some time because she can’t manage to approach people. Through therapy, she realizes that this circumstance is due to the fact that her father always rejected her as a child. By resolving the unconscious conflict, she was able to improve this trait.
Through the joint discussions with the therapist, Tina was able to find out that her suffering was due to rejection by her father. Through a reevaluation, she managed to resolve this unconscious conflict, overcome the rejection and regain an extraverted nature.
Depth psychology is extraordinarily helpful in cases of suffering to which, at first glance, no origin can be assigned. Often just talking to the therapist helps to recognize and fulfill unconscious needs.
Psychoanalysis is a recognized form of psychotherapy developed by the well-known neurologist Siegmund Freud. Although it later evolved into depth psychology, the “original form” is still practiced today. The main goal is to fathom the unconscious and thus end psychological suffering. Important and well-known methods include free association and dream interpretation.
The Systemic Therapist
The focus of systematic therapy is on the social context of mental disorders. The interaction within members of the family is given special attention. Thus, problems are not to be understood as disorders of the single individual, but more as disorders in the social environment, i.e. the system.
Possible systems are the family, but also the work environment, the circle of friends or similar social groups.
At the beginning of therapy, goals are concretized between therapist and client, but these can also change during therapy. If these goals are acceptable to both sides, therapy is started.
Examples of techniques of this theory are:
- Circular questions
- Scale issues
List of Heidelberg Psychotherapists
Obere Neckarstr. 10
Prof. Dr. Annette Kämmerer
M.Sc. Psych. Hannah Neubauer
Dr. Sebastian Pohlack
Bergheimer Str. 69a
Dr. Ruth Schubert
Dr. Pascaline Herzenstiel
Dr. Miriam Gschwendt
Berliner Str. 45
Dr. Katharina Joest
Dr. Henning Freund
Dr. Eva Blitzner
Rohrbacher Str. 57
Dr. Dipl.-Psych. Florian Theis
Dipl.-Psych. Stefanie Rath
Dipl.-Psych. Sabine Metzger
Dipl.-Psych. Nina Kaul
Dipl.-Psych. Nina Gramlich
Dipl.-Psych. Maria Gehrt
Dipl.-Psych. Lena von Freyhold
Dipl.-Psych. Julia Aghotor
Dipl.-Psych. Joachim von Twardowski
Dipl.-Psych. Hannah Strimpf
Dipl.-Psych. Fabian Hahn
Dipl.-Psych. Eva Senges-Anderson
Dipl.-Psych. Constanze Brenner
Dipl.-Psych. Claudia Brauchle-Müller
Dipl.-Psych. Christina Lemken-Sikosek
Dipl.-Psych. Arndt Linsenhoff
Dipl.-Psych. Anja Dodek
Dipl.-Psych. Andrea Zimmermann
Dipl.-Psych. Andrea Grau